Glacial lake hazards

Glacial lake hazards | Flooding | Case Study 1 | Case Study 2 | Summary Increasing glacial lakes In recent decades glacial lake hazards have increased due to accelerated glacial mass loss and retreat leading to the expansion of existing glacial lakes and formation of new lakes 1,2. As a result, glacial lakes now exist …

Glacial lake hazards Read More »

Alaska’s top-heavy glaciers are approaching an irreversible tipping point

Bethan Davies, Newcastle University The melting of one of North America’s largest icefields has accelerated and could soon reach an irreversible tipping point. That’s the conclusion of new research colleagues and I have published on the Juneau Icefield, which straddles the Alaska-Canada border near the Alaskan capital of Juneau. In the summer of 2022, I …

Alaska’s top-heavy glaciers are approaching an irreversible tipping point Read More »

Glacial surging as a hazard

Introduction | Case study 1 | Case study 2 | Summary What is glacial surging? Glacial surging refers to the sudden movement of ice over a relatively short period of time resulting in rapid glacier advance that is different from the usual glacier activity 1. Examples of surging can be found across the world, e.g. …

Glacial surging as a hazard Read More »

Overview of glacial hazards

Introduction | Mass Movements | Rockfall and Avalanches | Ice and snow avalanches | Landslide and debris flow | Case Study What are glacial hazards? Generally, there are two types of hazards found in glacial environments that can impact humans. First, we have direct hazards such as avalanches and rockfalls. Second, we have indirect hazards …

Overview of glacial hazards Read More »

Pingos and Ice-wedge polygons

Pingos and ice-wedge polygons are large scale landforms found in periglacial regions and are responsible for some of the most striking features in periglacial environments today. Pingos From the Inuit word ‘hill’, pingos are dome-shaped hills found in periglacial environments. Pingos can be up to 500m in diameter and 50m high (see Figure 1 for …

Pingos and Ice-wedge polygons Read More »

Proglacial Glaciofluvial Landforms

Introduction to Proglacial Glaciofluvial Landforms | Outwash Plains | Kame and Kettle Topography | Kames | Kettles What are proglacial glaciofluvial landforms? Glaciofluvial landforms are created by glacial meltwater processes, occurring in supraglacial (on top of the glacier), englacial (within the glacier), subglacial (beneath the glacier) and proglacial (in front and beyond glacial margins) environments1. …

Proglacial Glaciofluvial Landforms Read More »

Macroscale Erosional Landforms

Macro erosional landforms | Parabolic Valleys | Hanging Valleys | Fjords | Aretes What are macroscale erosional landforms? Macroscale erosional landforms are larger than 1 km in dimension and often contain smaller landforms (micro- and mesoscale) 1. Macroscale erosional landforms, such as Parabolic Valleys, Arêtes and Pyramidal Peaks (see Figure 1) are without a doubt …

Macroscale Erosional Landforms Read More »

Writing up empirical reports

As an academic, I’ve marked thousands of undergraduate student essays and reports. Most of my courses involve students doing some kind of empirical data-gathering, and then writing it up as a report. Often, these students make similar errors, so I thought I would compile some advice here. Before you start Firstly, start your report by …

Writing up empirical reports Read More »

Photographs of the Greenland Ice Sheet

All photographs courtesy of and credit to Jeremy Harbeck (NASA). These photographs are provided as a resource alongside the Greenland StoryMap Collection.

This site uses cookies. Find out more about this site’s cookies.